Fish Profiles: Emerald Rainbows

Facts about Emerald Rainbow Fish

Emerald-Rainbows

Scientific name: Glossolepis Wanamensis
Region:New Guinea
Temperment: Peaceful
Tank Mates: Community
Avg Size: 2-4 inches
Max Size: 5 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 30 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 72°F – 80°F
Optimum pH: 6.0 to 7.0
Care Level: Beginner-Intermediate
Hardiness: Hardy

Emerald Rainbow Fish Care:
Emerald Rainbows are a fairly hardy species that can tolerate lower temperatures.  Keeping a good water quality is important with Emerald Rainbows since, like many other smaller fish species, they are sensitive to increases in nitrates & nitrites. A planted aquarium is an ideal freshwater environment for Emeralds.


Emerald Rainbow Fish TankMate Suggestions:
Emerald Rainbows can be kept with a wide variety of community tank mates like tetras, barbs, rasboras, others Rainbows, Angels, various Sharks & Loaches. They make great additions to planted aquariums and can bring a lot of color to a fish tank.

Emerald Rainbows can hold their own with more peaceful cichlid species like Rams, Severums, Geophagus, Festivums & Discus.  It is best to keep them away from more aggressive cichlid species like Jack Dempseys, Convicts, Green Terrors, etc.

Emerald Rainbow Diet:
Emerald Rainbows, like other rainbow fish species are primarily algae eaters that also consume proteins like insect larva.  Look for a vitamin fortified herbivore flake food like Tetraveggie or spirulina flakes.  You can then supplement this with a protein based flake food or small pellets.

Emerald Rainbow Availability:
Emerald Rainbows are harder to find than most fish.  National Pet Store chains like Petsmart & Petco don’t carry many different rainbow species outside Dwarf Rainbows. Your best bet is a local fish store. If you don’t see them there, talk with the store manager who should be able to source them for you.

Fish Profiles: Tinfoil Barbs

Facts about Tinfoil Barbs

Tinfoil-Barbs

 

 

 

 

Scientific name: Barbus schwanefeldi
Region:Asia: Thailand & Sumatra
Temperment: Peaceful, Semi-Aggressive
Tank Mates: Community, Semi-Aggressive
Avg Size: 5-7 inches
Max Size: 14 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods, pellets, frozen foods
Optimum Tank Size: 60 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 75°F – 82°F
Optimum pH: 6.0 to 7.2
Care Level: Beginner
Hardiness: Very Hardy

Tinfoil Barb Care:
The main thing to consider when keeping Tinfoil Barbs is tank size. These fish get large, often exceeding 12 inches. They also have a fast growth rate, growing about an inch each month for the first six months, and then growing about an inch every 7-8 months.  If you wish to keep a tinfoil barb, it is recommended to have a tank size of at least 75 gallons and ideally 125 gallons. This fact makes Tinfoil Barbs ideal for “Monster” fish tanks.

Tinfoil Barbs are naturally schooling fish, so keeping 4-5 in the aquarium is recommended, but often not practical due to the size of these fish.  If you have an aquarium over 100 gallons, keeping 3-5 is a good idea. Schooling creates less stress in the fish and brings out the fish’s natural behavior.


Tinfoil Barbs Tank Mate Suggestions:
Due to their size, Tinfoil Barbs are most often seen in large “monster” fish tanks with other larger species like Iridescent Sharks, Clown Knives, Arowanas, Pacu & Oscars.

 

Tinfoil Barbs Diet:
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Tinfoil Barbs

 

 

 

 

 

Tinfoil Barbs Availability:
Tinfoil Barbs of all sizes are fairly easy to find in the aquarium hobby. National Pet Store chains like Petco & Petsmart usually have small to medium sized tinfoil barbs readily available.  Local fish stores usually have small & medium sized tinfoil barbs for sale and will frequently have larger ones available from trade-ins.

Fish Profiles: Bala Sharks

Facts about Bala Sharks

Bala-Shark-Fish-ProfileScientific name: Balantiocheilos Melanopterus
Region: Southeast Asia: Sumatra, Borneo
Temperment: Semi-Aggressive
Tank Mates: Community (when smaller),Semi-Aggressive (when larger)
Avg Size: 6-7 inches
Max Size: 12 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods, Frozen
Optimum Tank Size: 65 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 75°F – 84°F
Optimum pH: 5.8 to 7.0
Care Level: Intermediate
Hardiness: Very Hardy

One of the key things to consider when owning a bala shark is tank size.  Bala Sharks tend to grow to about a foot long, possibly exceeding 14 inches.  They are have a fast growth rate, with some growing as fast as 4 inches in six months depending on feeding. With this growth rate, it is important to have a large aquarium of at least 65 gallons and possibly more.

Additionally, Bala Sharks do best in groups of 4-5.  Bala Sharks, like many other fish, form hierarchies and pecking orders when in groups.  If you choose to keep 2 bala sharks in your aquarium, know the more dominate shark could potential bully the less dominate shark.  If you keep an individual Bala Shark in your tank, there is a risk of it chasing smaller, less aggressive fish, particularly during feedings.

The Bala Shark is a natural carnivore, so focus on frozen cubes such as brine shrimp, blood worms, krill & tubliflex worms.  To make frozen foods easier for your bala sharks to eat, thaw the frozen cubes in a cup of tank water before offering them to your fish. You can then supplement this with a variety of flake food & pellets.  Bala Sharks are voracious eaters, so be careful not to overfeed.

Appropriate tank mates for Bala Sharks are wide ranging.  Small Bala Sharks (4 inches or less) can be easily added to community or semi-aggressive aquariums.  Larger Bala Sharks are best suited for “monster” aquarium environments or more aggressive cichlid species.

In this video, you can see a fairly large bala shark (roughly 5 inches) sharing a tank with some large Angel Fish, a pair of rose line sharks, a Discus, an African Leaf Fish & various tetras.

Bala Sharks are widely available in the Aquarium Hobby.  Small, juvenile bala sharks ranging from 1-3 inches can be found in most local fish stores as well as commercial pet stores like Petco & Petsmart.  Medium sized Bala Sharks, ranging from 3-5 inches, are also commonly found in local fish stores. Large Bala Sharks (those exceeding 6 inches) are a little harder to find, but usually can be found as a trade-in at your local fish store.

Bala-Shark-Fish-Tank

 

 

Fish Profiles: Green Severum

Facts about Green Severum


Green Severum Fish ProfileScientific name:
Heros efasciatus
Region:South America: Guyana & Northern Amazon
Temperment: Peaceful, Semi-Aggressive
Tank Mates: Community, Semi-Aggressive
Avg Size: 4-6 inches
Max Size: 12 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods, pellets, frozen foods
Optimum Tank Size: 55 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 75°F – 83°F
Optimum pH: 6.0 to 6.7
Care Level: Beginner
Hardiness:

Green Severum Care:
The main thing to consider when keeping Green Severums is tank size.  You shouldn’t keep a Severum of any kind if your tank is smaller than 35 gallons.  Severums can grow quickly, reaching 5-7 inches on average, with some growing up to a foot in length.

Severums thrive in tanks with a lower pH, with a range of 6.0 to 6.8 being ideal. They like clean water, so weekly 20% water changes are recommended.  They also appreciate hiding spots, so stock your tank with rocks, driftwood, fake plants, inverted flower pots or similar items that create areas of refuge. This is especially important if you are keeping Severums with other cichlids.

Green Severum Tank Mate Suggestions:
Severums are very versatile in that they have been seen in a wide range of aquariums.

Ideal tank mates for severums include other south/central american cichlids of equal temperament such as Firemouth cichlids, Parrot Cichlids, Green Terrors, Nicaragua Cichlids, Uarus, Chocolate Cichlids & Blue Acaras.

If you wish to keep severs with more aggressive cichlids such as Convicts, Jack Dempseys, Texas Cichlids or Central American Vieja species, it is best to make the severum a male as females get bullied far more often. As usual, pay close attention to any bullying or chasing by the more aggressive fish and separate if a fish is seen with visual injuries such as nipped fins.

Severums generally have a peaceful temperament, so they have been successfully kept in community fish tanks. Fish species such as Angels, rainbows, gourami, sharks, loaches, catfish & larger tetras can be kept with Severums with no incident. Smaller fish like guppies & neon/cardinal tetras are not recommended.

Severums are not recommended for planted tanks as they have been known to eat aquatic plants.  They are also “diggers” like their cichlid cousins.  They can easily sort & sift through various substrates, uprooting your freshwater plants.

Green Severum Diet:
There is some debate online whether severums are strictly carnivores or if they eat vegetables & plants.  By most accounts, Severums are omnivores and will consume both plants & animal based foods in their diet.  Severums are commonly fed flake & frozen foods while in the care of breeders & local fish stores. This should be a staple of their diet when keeping Severums in your home aquarium.  A number of fish keeper message boards indicate that certain vegetables like lettuce, cucumber and zucchini are also good for the Severum’s diet.  Duckweed is said to be a favorite of Severums in an aquarium setting, so try incorporating this plant material in your feedings.

Green Severum Aquarium Fish

Green Severum Availability:
Green Severums are fairly easy to find in the aquarium hobby.  The smaller juveniles (2-3 inches) are commonly found in most local fish stores & national pet stores like Petco & Petsmart. You can usually find some medium sized severums (3-5 inches) for sale at your local aquarium store. The larger sized fish are more difficult to find for sale outside the occasional trade-in at your local fish store.  You can also find some larger one for sale on craigslist.

 

Fish Profiles: Boesemani Rainbowfish

Facts about Boesemani Rainbows


boesemani-rainbow-2Scientific name:
Melanotaenia Boesemani
Region:Asia:
Temperment: Peaceful
Tank Mates: Community
Avg Size: 3-4 inches
Max Size: 5.5 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 30 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 80°F – 87°F
Optimum pH: 7.0 to 7.8
Care Level: Intermediate
Hardiness:

Advantages:
Apperance:

Fun Fish:

Disadvantages:
Harder to Find:

 

Boesemani-Rainbow-Fish-Profile

 

 

Fish Profiles: Head & Tail Light Tetras

Facts about Head & Tail Light Tetras

Scientific name: Bryconops melanurus
Region:Brazil
Temperment: Peaceful
Tank Mates: Community
Avg Size: 2 inches
Max Size: 4 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 15 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 72°F – 80°F
Optimum pH: 5.5 to 7.5
Care Level: Beginner
Hardiness:
Good

Advantages:
Apperance: While not as vibrant in color as their cousins the Clown Loach, YoYo Loaches have a brown & gold coloration with complex striping. Fish keepers really like the unique color patterns of the YoYo loach.

Fun Fish: Clown Loaches are fun fish to own due to their interesting behaviors.

Disadvantages:
Harder to Find: YoYo Loaches aren’t as easy to find as Clown Loaches.

 

 

 

 

Fish Profiles: Skunk Loach

Facts about Skunk Loach

Skunk-Loach-Fish-ProfileScientific name: Yasuhikotakia morleti
Other Names:Skunk Botia, Cream Loach, Mouse Loach
Region:Asia: Mekong, Thailand
Temperment: Peaceful
Tank Mates: Community, Semi-Aggressive
Avg Size: 3-4 inches
Max Size: 5 inches
Best Foods: Sinking Pellets, Flake, Frozen Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 55 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 75°F – 84°F
Optimum pH: 6.4 to 7.8
Care Level: Intermediate
Hardiness:

Advantages:
Apperance:

Fun Fish:

Disadvantages:
Harder to Find:

 

 

 

 

Fish Profiles: Red Tailed Botia

Facts about Red Tailed Botia

Red-Tail-Botia
Scientific name:
Yasuhikotakia modesta
Other Names:Blue Botia, Red Tail Blue Loach, Red Fin Loach
Region:Asia: Thailand,Malaysia, Vietnam
Temperment: Peaceful, Shy
Tank Mates: Community, Semi-Aggressive
Avg Size: 5-6 inches
Max Size: 10 inches
Best Foods: Sinking Pellets, Flake, Frozen Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 55 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 75°F – 84°F
Optimum pH: 6.0 to 7.0
Care Level: Intermediate
Hardiness: Moderately Hardy

Advantages:
Apperance:

Fun Fish:

Disadvantages:
Harder to Find:

 

 

 

 

Fish Profiles: Lemon Tetras

Facts about Lemon Tetras


Lemon-Tetra-Fish-ProfileScientific name:
Hyphessobrycon pulchripinnis
Region:Brazil
Temperment: Peaceful
Tank Mates: Community
Avg Size: 1-2 inches
Max Size: 2 inches
Best Foods: Flake Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 10 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 74°F – 83°F
Optimum pH: 5.5 to 7.5
Care Level: Beginner
Hardiness:
Good

Advantages:

Disadvantages:
school-of-lemon-tetra

 

 

 

Fish Profiles: Golden Dojo Loach

Facts about Golden Dojo Loaches

Golden-Dojo-LoachScientific name: Misgurnus anguillicaudatuse
Region:
Temperment: Peaceful
Tank Mates: Community, Semi-Aggressive
Avg Size: 5-6 inches
Max Size: 11 inches
Best Foods: Sinking Pellets, Flake, Frozen Foods
Optimum Tank Size: 55 Gallons
Optimum Temperature: 65°F – 75°F
Optimum pH: 6.0 to 7.5
Care Level: Beginner
Hardiness:

Advantages:
Apperance: While not as vibrant in color as their cousins the Clown Loach, YoYo Loaches have a brown & gold coloration with complex striping. Fish keepers really like the unique color patterns of the YoYo loach.

Fun Fish: Clown Loaches are fun fish to own due to their interesting behaviors.

Disadvantages:
Harder to Find: YoYo Loaches aren’t as easy to find as Clown Loaches.

Golden-Dojo-Loach-2